Here will also be links to poodle articles, please contact me, if you find interesting links...
Article links about Poodles, updated 26-10-2017
Eye diseases in poodles, description + attest ECVO ( in Norwegian) pdf-file
The FCI Poodle standard pdf-file
Basic Population Genetics of Poodles
Instructors: Carol Beuchat, PhD & Lynn Brucker
About the importance to read and understand pedigrees
Reading Pedigrees Loud & Clear, Pedigrees are a tapestry that defines the dog before you.
Bulldog spirit, but Churchill was a softie when it came to his poodle:
How former PM couldn't bear prospect of losing his beloved pet dog Rufus II
The "Extended" Wycliffe Kennel
in the Pacific Northwest, interesting article to read HERE
Surprising news about dogs and garlic – what you need to know . This article is found HERE
There is a lot of controversy surrounding dogs and garlic on the Internet. Many sources believe that garlic is toxic to dogs and it should never be used in dog food. But garlic has been used for centuries as a medicinal aid by humans – is it true that it’s bad canines? The answer may not seem all that cut and dry, but it’s becoming a lot clearer. This is thanks to the research efforts of experts that say that garlic is actually good for dogs. Of course, you can’t just let your dog chew on a clove of garlic. It’s all about the amount you give your dog. Read on to learn more about garlic and dogs, and how to make it a part of your pup’s healthy diet.
Garlic has been used for centuries as a medicinal aid by humans – is it true that its bad for canines?
Garlic: A Family Tree
Garlic comes from the Allium family, and counts onions, leeks, chives, and shallots as relatives. Onions, and to a much lesser degree garlic, contains a compound called n-propyldisulfide, as well as small amounts of thiosulphate. When taken in large amounts, oxidative damage can occur in the red blood cells. The effect creates Heinz bodies and the body will reject these cells from the bloodstream. After ingesting large amounts over a long period of time, it can lead to anemia and even death. So does this mean that garlic is unsafe for dogs? That’s where the debate gets heated.
It all started over 100 years ago, when wild onions (in the same family of garlic) were fed to cattle, sheep, and horses and these animals showed toxicity symptoms. In the 1930s, studies showed that dogs that ate onions showed toxicity symptoms. Fast forward to the 1980s: cats that ate onions exhibited the same toxicity symptoms as dogs did. It’s important to note that cats are six to eight times more sensitive to onion than dogs.
Garlic got a bad rap in 2000, when a research paper was published that was based on garlic’s effect on dogs. Even though the dogs tested didn’t show any outward appearance of toxicity symptoms, there was an effect on the red blood cells. The researchers stated: “we believe that foods containing garlic should be avoided for use in dogs.” This study, which was undertaken at Hokkaido University, was conducted on four dogs, each one given 1.25 ml of garlic extract per kg of body weight for seven straight days. As an example, if the dog weighed 40 pounds, it would be given about 20 cloves of garlic – a staggering amount! Using this amount of garlic, the study concluded that garlic had the “potential” to cause hemolytic anemia (damage to the red blood cells), and so garlic should not be fed to dogs. It’s important to note that even at these highly elevated doses, no dogs on the study developed hemolytic anemia.
It’s All About Dosage
Too much of anything is bad for you. Even minerals that you assume make you and your dog healthy can be detrimental in large daily amounts. Things such as salt, vitamin D, or Zinc are all good for you… as long as you’re not overdoing it. The same goes with garlic and dogs. At some level, these things all have the potential to be toxic.
Here’s a guide on the garlic levels safe for dogs per day, based on a dog’s weight (1/2 clove per ten pounds of body weight):
Fresh Garlic (from The Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats by Dr. Pitcairn)
10 to 15 pounds: .5 clove
20 to 40 pounds: 1 clove
45 to 70 pounds: 2 cloves
75 to 90 pounds: 2.5 cloves
100 pounds +: 3 cloves
Many people choose to stop at the 2 clove mark, even if their dogs were large (75 pounds+). I believe in going with a smaller dose myself and choose fresh over powder or jarred when possible. Also, I rotate my garlic cycle – 1 week on, 1 week off. Some pet parents only use it seasonally, while others feed it every day.
Of course, if your dog has a pre-existing anemic condition or is set to go into surgery, don’t give him any garlic. As well, puppies from six to eight weeks of age don’t start to reproduce new blood cells until after 6-8 weeks, so they should not be fed any garlic.
Benefits Of Feeding Your Dog Garlic
The reason why garlic is added to dog food and treats is because it has many health benefits. Even if you’re not sure about dogs and garlic, and decide to start with a low amount, your dog will still reap the health rewards. Its main claim to fame is the benefit it has on a dog’s digestive tract. But there are lots of other wonderful health reasons why garlic can help your dog:
Tick/Flea Repellent: It won’t kill the fleas and ticks, but those little buggers don’t like the taste of it. One sniff and they’ll be making their way off your dog.
Immune System Boost: Garlic has proven to do wonders with dogs with suppressed immune systems and as well has those fighting cancer. It gives a boost to bloodstream cells that kill bad microbes and cancer cells. (Check out S. Messonnier, The Natural Vet’s Guide to Preventing and Treating Cancer in Dogs, who talks about the benefits of garlic to fight cancer in dogs).
Liver Boost: Garlic is known to have detoxifying effects, which can help the liver get rid of toxins from the body.
Fights Bacterial, Viral, and Fungal Infections: Bacteria, virus and fungi are no match for garlic! With its potent antimicrobial and antibiotic properties, it fights parasites and protozoan organisms as well.
Lowers Blood Cholesterol and Triglyceride: Mix the proper dose of uncooked garlic with your dog’s food and it can help lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Cardiovascular Boost: Wonderful in older and overweight dogs, garlic can prevent blood clots, and reduce cholesterol levels and fat build up in the arteries.
I Think Garlic is Good!
I feed Oscar garlic and supplement it into his diet throughout the week. As pet parents, we need to remember that there is no “normal” consumption level – based on my dog’s weight, I feed my dog safe and beneficial levels of garlic. As with any change in diet or addition of supplement, please speak with your vet. My vet knows about the garlic in Oscar’s diet, and we have blood taken every year to ensure he’s in peak form.
We’d like to hear from you. Do you feed your dog any garlic, whether it’s in food, treats or supplements? Or do you stay away from it, as it’s “better to be safe than sorry”? We want to hear from both camps. Leave your thoughts in the comments section below.
R.H. Pitcairn, The Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats: I live by this book!
M. Goldstein, The Nature of Animal Healing: Another essential guide I can’t do without.
S. Messonnier, The Natural Vet’s Guide to Preventing and Treating Cancer in Dogs
Martin Zucker, The Veterinarians’ Guide to Natural Remedies for Dogs: Safe and Effective Alternative Treatments and Healing Techniques from the Nation’s Top Holistic Veterinarians
DNA test for HD
Great new from USA
Cornell University has identified the first panel of genetic markers for hip dysplasia in a number of breeds.
They hope to have a DNA test available within the near future, similar to that of Optigen,
where blood can be taken and checked to determine whether a dog is genetically free, a carrier, or will be affected with hip dysplasia.
So far they are working with Rottweilers, German Sheperds, Border Collies, Great Danes, Labradors,
Golden Retrievers and Newfoundlands.
Given the results they have obtained to date, they are very hopeful that they will soon be able to
come up with a test for all breeds.
source: Poodles in Scandinavia
Article about SA
Source; standardpoodleclub.com, or look below:
Animal Health Trust
Lay Summary of Progress Report To Determine Genomic Region Associated with
Sebaceous Adenitis in the Standard Poodle
Sebaceous Adenitis (SA) is a dermatological condition that has been described in several breeds of dog,
most commonly in the Standard Poodle. It is a condition in which the sebaceous glands in the skin
become inflamed and are eventually destroyed,
leading to hair loss and secondary skin infections, and is a significant health and welfare problem.
The Animal Health Trust has collected DNA samples from over 300 Standard Poodles.
Using the latest genotyping techniques,
(a Canine SNP(single nucleotide polymorphism) array of 22,362 genome-wide SNPs)
we have genotyped a subset of 48 samples
from dogs with a rigorous SA diagnosis, which included 20 affected dogs and 28 unaffected dogs.
We have been helped enormously
by the Standard Poodle Club UK in this choice of samples.
Using this data, we have carried out careful computer analysis to try to
identify the region in which the SA mutation lies.
The preparation of the DNA samples and their genotyping have been achieved successfully. All 48 samples were genetyped,
although 4 fell below rigorous acceptability standards and were not included in the analysis.
The vast majority of the 22,362 SNPs on the array (over99.7%) worked well this is a very impressive result.
The data was analysed using pedigree-based linkage software and association-based software.
The analyses were carried out successfully: we know this because using identical methods on other diseases and breeds,
we have been able to identify genome locations linked to the diseases.
However for the Standard Poodle samples both types of analysis failed to identify any regions
of the genome which were significantly associated with the disease.
We are confident that the genotyping data we generated was of a very high quality, so the likely explanation of our failure to
identify a region of the genome associated with SA is because the disease is complex,
and is either caused by more than one gene, or the interaction between gene(s) and the enviroment.
Alternatively, our controls included a number of subclinically affected dogs whose
skin biopsy results lead us to mis-categorise them. In either case, the solution is to collect and genotype more samples,
and any new data can be added to what we already have, thus increasing the chances of success.
This is a disappointing result, but as a result of this investigation we now can say fairly confidently that sebaceous adenitis in
the Standard Poodle is not inherited as a simple autosomal recessive with a high degree of penetrance,
and that more samples need to be analysed to identify a genomic region associated with the disease.
We are committed to continuing our study of SA in the Standard Poodle and will continue to collect and
store samples to successfully analyse SA as a complex trait.
Data generated during the current study will be saved, and added to additional data generated in
this subsequent phase of the study.
Co-Principal Investigators: Cathryn S Mellersh and Mike Boursnell.
Animal Health Trust, Newmarket.